A concussion is one of three types of traumatic brain injury and although it is the mildest form of TBI, a concussion can produce serious consequences.
What causes a concussion, what are the symptoms and what consequences might a victim experience over time?
About a concussion
The three types of traumatic brain injury are severe, moderate and mild TBI, the latter also known as a concussion. TBI, often resulting from a vehicle crash, is a major cause of injury and death in the U.S. A concussion occurs because of a blow that causes the brain to push against the skull. In fact, different parts of the brain can move against the inside of the skull at different speeds, which can tear nerve tissue and damage nerve cell function. Some cells can recover, but others may no longer be able to communicate with other cells or send signals from the brain to other parts of the body.
Symptoms of a concussion may not appear at the time of a collision because the sudden impact will cause the body to release adrenalin, which can mask pain and injury temporarily. However, symptoms may occur hours or even days after the crash. These can include headaches, dizziness, blurred vision and sensitivity to sound and light.
The symptoms associated with a concussion may disappear in a few weeks’ time. However, prompt medical attention is essential since this mild condition may signal more severe brain damage. Changes in cognitive function usually occur at some level as a result of a concussion. However, if the victim faces a more serious TBI, he or she might require a lifetime program of rehabilitation to treat ongoing cognitive decline. An advocate can assist in obtaining maximum compensation to cover the victim’s medical expenses and more.